Rehabilitation Technology

UPPER-LIMB REHABILITATION

The upper-limb consists of the shoulder girdle, arm, forearm and hand. Biomechanics of human shoulder represent an extremely sophisticated and interrelated system that can produce a variety of complex movements and is supported and stabilized by a number of muscles connected to the ribs and vertebrae.

A lot of movements of daily living such as eating or bathing depend of the adequate movement of this joint.

The four most common causes of shoulder pain are rotator cuff disorders, glenohumeral disorders, acromioclavicular joint disease and referred neck pain. The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons that helps stabilize the shoulder and aid in movement.

Regaining shoulder mobility requires specific treatment followed by appropriate rehabilitation therapy. Currently, this process requires a dedicated specialist to drive and lead the exercises.

Musculoskeletal modeling and simulation is very useful for clinical applications, to help diagnostics or to investigate particular shoulder injuries. These models are key to find inner cause and effect relationships in patients with musculoskeletal injuries and neurological impairments and to prescribe effective rehabilitation treatments. A 3D musculoskeletal model of the upper-limb is mandatory to test new rehabilitation protocols and to obtain data about their effectiveness. AURA has developed its own complex model to study the upper arm biomechanics and to develop exoskeletons for the rehabilitation of patients with upper-limb injuries.

CuratorMarie André Destarac, PhD
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