Diagnosis TechnologyParkinson Diagnosis

Ocular motor abnormalities in Parkinsonian syndromes

CuratorIrene Pulido, MD, PhD
Published onJuly 2016
  • Diagnosis of Parkinson Disease

Oculomotor abnormalities can be observed in all Parkinsonian syndromes (PS). Nevertheless, due to the considerable overlap of oculomotor pathology in Parkinsonism, oculomotor changes are not generally considered to contribute substantially to the differential diagnosis of PS. Here we review the characteristics of oculomotor disturbances in the major PS, we provide a survey of the current concepts of the underlying neural physiology of oculomotor control and a summary of the major recording techniques for eye movements. The main focus of this review is to outline the subtle differences between apparently similar oculomotor alterations in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and atypical neurodegenerative PS that can contribute to the early differential diagnosis of these entities.

  1. Elmar H Pinkhardt and Jan Kassubek. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders 17 (2011) 223-230. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2010.08.004
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